Interior design is the science and art of improving the interior of a structure to create a more aesthetically pleasing and healthier environment for those using the interior space. An interior designer is a person who plans, researches, crafts, and coordinates these improvement projects. Interior design professionals to work on projects that are usually associated with building and architecture, including but not limited to: renovations, new construction, the integration of new equipment, and the remodeling of an existing building or structure. In some instances, these projects may also include the installation of new furniture, flooring, appliances, vents, or other amenities in the room or rooms affected by the renovation or construction project.
In some cases, the interior designer may be responsible for the preparation of drawings, blueprints, or working materials and specifications. They may also be required to collaborate with architects, engineers, contractors, and other interior design professionals in order to create functional plans and designs. The function of the interior design professional is to ensure that all functionality aspects of the planned project are included, and that the general appearance and ambiance meet the functional requirements of the project.
Although there are many different professions within this field, the most popular ones include interior designers, interior decorators, and architectural engineers. Designers generally focus on the creative side of the profession, while engineers are primarily responsible for ensuring the functionality and safety of the interior space. In order to obtain a career in this profession, it is often required that one have a degree in a related field. A four-year university degree or equivalent is necessary in order to begin studying interior design, as the field requires significant training and specialization in both technical and creative fields. Interior design professionals may also be required to undergo training and certification, which will usually depend on the specific discipline within the profession.